Brief chronology of the English Civil Wars

Brief chronology of the English Civil Wars

1637 Case of Burton, Bastwick and Prynne. Ship Money case against Hampden et al. Introduction of new Prayer Book in Scotland, met with armed resistance.
1638Scottish National Covenant.
1639First Bishops' War
1640Short Parliament. Second Bishops' War. King forced to concede to the Scots and call Long Parliament. Root and Branch Petition. Stafford and Laud impeached.
1641Stafford's trial and execution. Army plots. King leaves for Scotland. Abolition of Star Chamber and High Commission. Militia Bill. Censorship breaks down. Irish rebellion. Grand Remonstrance.
1642Attempt to seize the Five Members. Militia Ordinance. King leaves London and denied entry to Hull. Nineteen Propositions. King raises Standard at Nottingham. Battle of Edgehill. Battle at Turnham Green. King sets up Headquarters in Oxford. Closing of theatres. Suspension of Bishops.
1643Oxford negotiations. Waller's Plot. Battles of Lansdown and Roundway Down. Excise introduced. Fall of Bristol. Relief of Gloucester. First Battle of Newbury. Pym and Hampden die. Solemn League and Covenant.
1644Scots army enters England. Oxford Parliament. Committee of Both Kingdoms set up. York besieged. Battles of Cropedy Bridge and Marston Moor. Surrender of York. Battle of Tippermuir. Battle of Lostwithiel. Second Battle of Newbury. Henrietta Maria leaves England.
1645Execution of Laud. Uxbridge negotiations. New Model Army and Self-Denying Ordinances. Battles of Leicester and Naseby. Battles of Langport and Bridgewater. Bristol retaken. Battles of Kilsyth and Philiphaugh. Battle of Rowton Heath. Glamorgan enters into treaties with Irish Confederates.
1646Prince of Wales leaves. King flees to Scots, who surrender him to Parliament. Surrender of Newark and Oxford. Newcastle Propositions (Parliament's peace proposals). Abolition of episcopacy and passing of Blasphemy Ordinance. Earl of Essex dies.
1647King taken at Holdenby. Proposals for reducing the Army. Saffron Walden meetings. Growth of Leveller movement, appointment of Agitators. Indemnity ordinances. Charges against the Eleven MP's. Army peace Heads of Proposals. Putney Debates. King's escape to Isle of Wight. Engagement with Scots.
1648Second Civil War. Battle of Maidstone. Colchester rising and seige. Battle of St. Neots. Surrender of Pembroke. Battles of Preston and Warrington. Surrender of Colchester. Levellers' Humble Petition. Cromwell leaves Scotland. Pride's Purge.
1649Rule of Rump Parliament. King's trial. King executed. Lords abolished. Commonwealth established. Arrest of Leveller leaders; Digger experiments begin. Mutinies, Burford executions. Lilburne's first trial for treason. Sack of Drogheda and Wexford, Cromwell's Irish campaign.
1650Charles II makes treaty with Scots. Cromwell made Lord-General. Battle of Dunbar. Blake destroys Prince Rupert's ships.
1651Charles II crowned at Scone. Battles of Inverkeithing and capture of Perth. Battle of Worcester. Charles II flees. Navigation Act.
1652Proceedings against Lilbourne. First sea battles with Dutch in Channel. Settlement in Ireland. Increasing recognition of Commonwealth, by colonies and foreign powers.
1653Cromwell dissolves the Rump. Barebones or Convention Parliament. Dutch wars continue. Instrument of Government. Cromwell made Lord Protector.
1654Engagement repealed. Sealed Knot formed. Dutch peace. Western Design initiated. Protectorate Parliament opens.
1655Arrests of dissidents. Parliament dissolved. Penruddock's Rising. Landing in Jamaica. Major Generals appointed. War in Spain.
1656Second Protectorate Parliament. Nayler's Case. Rule of the Major-Generals in localities.
1657Remonstrance to Parliament. Humble Petition and Advice. Cromwell refuses crown. Attempted Fifth Monarchist rising. Death of Lilburne.
1658Parliament dissolved. Anglo-French victory over Spain. Death of Cromwell, succeeded by son Richard.
1659Parliament recalled. Richard Cromwell resigns. Recall of the Rump Parliament. Act of Pardon and Indemnity. Booth's rising in Cheshire. Army dismiss and again recall the Rump. General Monck marches on Scotland. New Council of State.
1660Army remodelled by Rump Parliament. Monck enters London. Parliamentry elections. Declaration of Breda. Convention Parliament. Charles II recalled. Restoration of the Monarchy.